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How does technology help persons with disabilities?
  06 Jul'2020

People without Disabilities really are lucky people. We often wonder, “What if I had this?”, or “What if I had that?”. We do not wait for a second to consider that, the things that we take for granted, there are people who struggle because they are deprived of, either from birth or due to some cruel incident. The science in our age has grown by a lot, they have progressed far beyond the realms of imagination. We now are able to provide disabled people with rehabilitative technology that will make their lives much better and reduce the impact of their disabilities.

Adaptive Technology is the gift of modern engineering which helps people with disabilities perform tasks that were previously impossible for them. Most of these technologies run on replaceable batteries or chargeable devices. These assistive devices are made keeping in mind to provide comfort to those people. They are made to be affordable, efficient, and cater to the needs of every individual person who will use that device. These technologies for the disabled make them more independent and are able to perform the little tasks easily. So, let us not waste time and learn about some of the assistive devices that are being used by people with special needs.

Adaptive technologies that improve the comfort of home -
 In the past few years, we have seen the rise of home assistants which almost acts like our own personal assistant. They perform several tasks making appointments, playing your favorite music, suggest your movies, and answer your basic questions like weather and news. Amazon Echo and Google Home are some of the technologies that make the use of their home, computer, and mobile much easier.
 There are Environment Control Devices that act on voice control which help the physically disabled people to control electronic devices like home lights, air conditioners, heaters, and electrically controlled doors.
 Another device that has come as a boon to both the disabled people and the cleaning obsessed moms at our homes. Now some robots clean the floors of your home by themselves without drawing any kind of attention.

There is a technology for disabled people which improves their mobility like electric-powered wheelchairs, crutches, scooters, and walkers help those people to move around without the help of anyone else. They become self-dependent.

 People who have lost certain limbs are provided with prosthetics which becomes a part of that person.
 People who suffer from hearing disability, are given hearing aids that help them to listen or at least listen better.
 There are cognitive aids that are kind of electrical stimulation. These electrical assistive devices mostly help the intellectually disabled people to think better, pay attention and help them with their memory.
 Modified computer applications have the option to enlarge your screen. There are screen readers, voice recognition programs, and sensory impairment. These technologies are helping disabled students to use their computers and mobile devices in a much more efficient way.
 Kids with disabilities are majorly helped by using adaptive pencil grips, automatic page-turners, and book holders. These technologies help them in their educational activities.

The main purpose of using these rehabilitative technologies is to feel a part of society and lead a near-normal life. People who have a knack of cooking and loves to do it but are prevented from doing so because of their disabilities can use adaptive utensils. Adaptive switches help them perform everyday activities like playing games, cooking among other things. Some features of the assistive devices help people with special needs to dress and groom themselves. Some quite easy but effective modification helps them to reach far away from lights and doorbells, which are some of their many uses.

Now let us learn about some of the gadgets that a product this ultra-modern age. These adaptive technologies help people who are suffering from physical disability, hearing problems, speech impairment, visual impairment, and other disorders. There are a lot of people who suffer from these problems on a daily basis. So, when a company comes out with these gadgets, it is a real help for the users.

1. Dot – It is the world’s first wearable smartwatch. This device helps the blind people to know about their messages, they can use twitter, read books, whenever they want. They come with Bluetooth connectivity so that connect their smartphone and convert any information they want, into Braille.
2. Talkitt – This is a device for the people who suffer from speech impairments. They translate the speech of those people, who wants to communicate with us but are not able to into speech that we can understand.
3. Sesame Phone - Now here is a smartphone that now touches free. It helps the user to access all of its features by using different gestures. The front camera tracks the head movements of the user and he is able to operate the device. There is also voice control for better accessibility.
4. UNI – This is an application for the hearing and speech impaired people. This is a two-way application that helps them to communicate with others. It will convert the sign language into texts for you to understand what the other person is trying to say.

At Narayan Seva Sansthan, they do great work for the disabled people. They have their own calipers workshop that makes tools using adaptive technology that helps people with special needs. Each tool is made to cater to the need of each individual. They help them to lead a life which is comparatively easier and has more comfort. It reduces the impact of their disabilities. NSS also runs schools and training centers for the disabled. They teach kids using adaptive technology and help them to have a successful future.

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