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Disability Inclusion- Imparting Skills to People with Disabilities
  21 May'2020

There is a famous saying by world-renowned American Activist, Lecturer and Writer Helen Keller, which goes like “Never bend your head. Always hold it high. Look the world straight in the eye. " There is no saying which can make the above golden words false. This world is truly a cruel place, if you let others walk over you, they will not wait and think for a second. They will take the opportunity which helps them move forward and will not give a second thought about what is right. There is cut-throat competition in this world and the path of life, you will be truly fortunate if someone shows empathy towards you. So, when normal people face such cruel hardships, just take a moment, and think what the people with special needs go through every day. The negligence they face, the pain they tolerate, and they go through all these difficulties and many more not because of a fault of their own doing.

Plenty of people are born with some kind of disability or the other, and plenty of others go through tremendous misfortune and pain when such disabilities are inflicted upon them. But these people do not bow out of life so easily, instead, they take these difficulties as a challenge and strive forward to find happiness in life. But to be happy in life, people need money, as harsh it may seem, that is the brutal truth. People spend their earlier stages of life educating themselves of the various aspects of life, gathers knowledge, and learns skills that help them to earn a living and be financially independent. But the people with special needs are often cast aside in this race. Often, they are not given the proper care, they are not given the basic education and they cannot  afford the luxury to learn the skills to earn them employment. So, it is particularly important that such people are included back in the normal lines of society and given similar opportunities as their peers.

There are various types of skills which need to be taught to the people with special needs so that they can return to society and fight for their place:-

1. Foundation Skills – These are the skills that a person learns in the primary stages of life. They pick up these skills from school and their parents. They learn about the basics of mathematics, learns to do reasoning and problem solving, and become literate. These basic skills are required in every field of work.

2. Professional, Technical, and Vocational Skills – These are the skills that a person learns specifically to do a certain job. Be its basket making, carpentry, metalwork, shoemaking, tailoring, and weaving. There are more advanced technical skills like computer technology, engineering, medicine, and physiotherapy, these skills are also called professional skills. Such high-level professional skills require a higher level of education in technical institutions. They give formal training along with an official certificate.

3. Business Skills – Entrepreneurial skills are vital if a person is looking to work in a field that required successful management of money and people, it also requires proper scheduling and administrative skills. Under these skills, there are several other aspects of being an entrepreneur such as preparation of a business plan, the setting of achievable goals, analyzing the market, assessing the risk in the work and diligent solving of problems. These skills require one to be properly literate and possess a stable mind.

4. Core Life Skills – These skills are about one’s attitude towards others and his own life, basic knowledge about everything around us, and about things that are an integral part of our life. Skills such as how one communicates with the customers, how he presents himself to them adapting to different situations, attentive communication and listening, thinking out of the box, analytical thinking, and maintaining proper discipline also fall under core life skills. All these skills and many more are needed to be a proper gentleman, who is respected by all.


There are several ways in which people with special needs can acquire these skills and make themselves a part of society. Some of those ways are:-

 With one’s hard work.
 Learning from his family as parents are the biggest teacher in a person’s life.
 Normal education.
 Schools which provide employment skills.
 Self-help groups in which people with similar deficiencies find a good teacher and learn the necessary skills.
 Learning about the job after one is selected for it.
 Colleges and universities provide various skill training courses.

There are plenty of choices to choose from, these places take special care of the people with needs and provide the necessary tools so that the person can learn the required skills. But the most important attribute of all is determined, the fire in one’s heart. The brighter it burns, the better the person will do in his life as he will be able to burn away all his difficulties and keep on moving forward without caring for the shackles on his feet.

At Narayan Seva Sansthan, we provide people with special needs with all the skills and tools he needs to return in the normal path of the society. We see to it that he becomes self-dependent and becomes able to find happiness in his life. These people with special abilities might have certain physical or psychological lacking, but these people are an important part of society as they teach us that no problem is big enough to not be overcome. It is not that only they need to learn things about their surroundings, but there are plenty of things we as a civilization can learn from them.

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