Disability, be it physical or mental has largely misunderstood by the society. While some fail to understand the condition, others might be totally insensitive to it. Even there are people who believe it as a curse.
According to WHO, the term disability is an umbrella term for any kinds of physical or mental impairments, participation restrictions and activity limitations. It mainly refers to the inability of person affecting his participation and normal functioning in the societal structure caused of environmental, genetic or personal factors. The term disability is precisely used when encountering basic difficulty in performing physical tasks.
To ensure sustainable Development of economies in the world, it is of utmost importance to treat this social agenda with seriousness. When people with disabilities are given the tools to self dependence and skill sets, they can act as contributing members to the society and the economy, making it more valuable. Disabilities caused by accidents, ageing, illness, and genetic reasons often even affect the health conditions of the individuals.
Social development and disability go hand in hand. When people with disabilities are lower on priority list, they are more likely to live in poverty without their basic amenities and rights.
Similarly, the increasing incidence of poverty will give rise to disability due to their inability to afford the treatment. This is a never ending cycle that can only be stopped when people with disabilities are allowed to become educated and employed giving them opportunities of healthcare, nutrition and social interaction. If it doesn’t happen, the conditions are supposed to worsen and affect the economic well being of the nation.
While there are several benefits and welfare options given to persons with disabilities by governing bodies, they are often marginalized by the society. Exclusion of the disabled is seen as a cultural norm and often associated with religious beliefs, especially those of being cursed. Families with disabled members in rural societies often blame the mother for a disabled child and often use harsh ways to ill- treat them.
However, things are looking up slowly, albeit surely. With advanced medical and healthcare options, special schools, vocational training and increased presence of non-profit organizations, the lives of people with disability are improving in all sectors of society. With the intention of teaching individuals about living with their limitations while learning new skills, people with disability today are more independent than ever.
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